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What is the Inflation Reduction Act?

What is the Inflation Reduction Act?


It is likely no surprise that inflation has hit an all-time high this year in the United States. Americans from all walks of life have had to deal with increased prices for everyday necessities. In an attempt to combat this record-breaking level of inflation, President Biden signed the Inflation Reduction Act. This act just might be what Americans needed to get out of this current crisis, and today, we will look at the details of it to help you determine how it might help you.

What does the Inflation Reduction Act do?

As its name implies, the Inflation Reduction Act seeks to reduce the current level of inflation. It attempts to achieve this through a number of different methods. Here are some of the strategies the Biden administration is implementing:

Health Care


The Inflation Reduction Act combats the amount Americans pay for healthcare. According to the White House, Americans pay two to three times more than what citizens in other countries pay for prescription drugs. The Inflation Reduction Act seeks to lower the cost of these drugs. In order to achieve this, the bill states that by 2023, insulin prices for Medicare beneficiaries with diabetes will be capped at $34 for a month’s supply. Insulin prices alone are often many times higher in the United States than they are around the world, so this change will be very noticeable for Americans with diabetes.

Another way the cost of healthcare is being reduced is by making health insurance accessible to more Americans than before. The White House states that 13 million Americans will save an average of $800 per year on health insurance, and that 3 million more Americans that would not have had health insurance without this act will.

Clean Energy


One interesting way the Biden administration chose to combat rising inflation is by killing two birds with one stone and increasing the amount of clean energy used. One way this is done is by giving families more opportunities to switch to clean energy and save more as a result. Here are some ways the White House states families will benefit from the lower clean energy costs in this act:

  • Families can save over $1,000 per year on taxes by taking advantage of clean energy/electric vehicle tax credits.
  • There will be $14,000 in consumer rebates in order for families to buy heat pumps and other energy efficient appliances for their homes. This will save families at least $350 per year.
  • About 7.5 million more families will have the option to install solar panels on their roofs with a 30% tax credit. This will ultimately save families $9,000 over the lifetime of the system or at least $300 per year.
  • Families can receive up to $7,500 in tax credits for new electric vehicles or $4,000 in tax credits for used electric vehicles. This is estimated to save them about $950 dollars per year.

By making clean energy more accessible, the Biden administration hopes to reach their climate change goals much quicker. By increasing the amount of clean energy used, it’s estimated that we will save billions of dollars on damages that may have been caused by climate change. This will also create millions of new jobs for Americans, which would further benefit the economy.



One final way the Inflation Reduction Act seeks to combat inflation is by making tax code fairer for most Americans. The White House states that currently, many large corporations pay $0 in federal income tax. They go on to state that 55 of the wealthiest corporations in the United States got away without paying anything in federal income taxes in 2020 alone. It is also believed that the top 1 percent of earners are estimated to evade about $160 billion in taxes each year.

These are all things the Inflation Reduction Act will combat. The White House says the act will generate $124 billion in savings by collecting what is already owed by wealthy people and large corporations. It is also made clear that Americans that make less than $400,000 won’t see any increase in their taxes.

When will we start noticing a difference?

After learning about the details of the Inflation Reduction, you may be wondering when these changes will start to take effect. It may also be difficult to understand how exactly these changes directly target inflation, as some of them may seem unrelated. Some changes listed will take place within the next year, but some will take some more time. Inflation can be a difficult thing to defeat, and there isn’t really an overnight solution. As time goes on, it will be easier to notice that inflation is more manageable as we save in other ways. It is also important to take advantage of some changes to renewable energy and healthcare in order to notice these changes as soon as possible.

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